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Tennessee's Rise to National Prominence
Andrew Jackson

"General Andrew Jackson. The Hero, the Sage, and the Patriot," 1845
Library Photograph Collection, Oversize

The War of 1812 represents a pivotal period in Tennessee's history. Congressional leaders like Felix Grundy made the nation aware of "western" interests and concerns. Andrew Jackson provided overwhelming victories in the Creek War, and the astonishing triumph at New Orleans propelled him to national acclaim and the presidency. The legacy of the War of 1812 remained strong within the state—nearly one-third of the counties are named for men who were connected to the war. The nickname "Volunteer State" had its roots in the volunteer spirit displayed by the thousands of Tennesseans who participated in the war.

Military campaigns led directly to treaties with the Southern tribes that ceded most native territory, including the rich lands of West Tennessee. Eventually, during Jackson's presidency, Native Americans were removed altogether from their homelands in the South. The war catapulted Tennessee and its leaders to a position of unprecedented influence on the national stage. The legacy of the War of 1812 in Tennessee is mixed with pride and controversy, providing lessons for future generations in understanding the state's rich history.

President Jackson's Grand March

"President Jackson's Grand March" sheet music, New York, New York, 1832
Kenneth D. Rose Sheet Music Collection

Andrew Jackson

Portrait of Andrew Jackson by Ralph E. W. Earl, 1833
Library Photograph Collection